The Preventing Sex Trafficking and Strengthening Families Act, enacted in 2014, amends part E (Foster Care and Adoption Assistance) of title IV of the Social Security Act to require a state’s plan for foster care and adoption assistance to demonstrate that the state agency identified, collected, reported data on, and determined appropriate services for children in foster care who have been, or are at risk of being, sexually trafficked or who have run away. The term ‘‘sex trafficking’’ means the recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for the purpose of a commercial sex act. The law establishes a National Advisory Committee on the Sex Trafficking of Children and Youth to advise the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services and the Attorney General on practical and general policies concerning improvements to best address sex trafficking of children and youth.
This law also takes important steps in supporting normalcy for children in foster care by requiring states to implement a "reasonable and prudent parent" standard for decisions that maintain the health, safety, and best interests of the child made by a foster parent or designated official for a child care institution. Finally, the law eliminates Another Planned Permanent Living Arrangement (APPLA) as a permanency goal for children under the age of 16 and includes additional case plan and case review requirements for older youth with a permanency goal of APPLA.
For more information about this Act, visit the following websites