Title IV-E of the Social Security Act (SSA) requires that cases be reviewed at least every 6 months after a child has been placed in foster care. While the SSA allows this review to be conducted by a court or another administrative body, a number of States require court reviews, and some courts may require reviews more frequently than every 6 months.
The review hearing provides an opportunity to evaluate case progress and to revise the case plan as needed. They also guide efforts toward achieving permanency for the child. The review also considers the extent of progress that has been made toward alleviating or mitigating the causes necessitating placement in foster care, and may project a likely date by which the child may be returned to and safely maintained in the home, or whether efforts to terminate parental rights are appropriate to allow the child to be placed for adoption.
Review hearings must continue periodically, but no less frequently than once every 6 months by either a court or by administrative review and must determine the safety of the child, the continuing necessity for and appropriateness of the placement, and the extent of compliance with the case plan. They continue until case closure.