The Children's Bureau created the Adoption and Foster Care Analysis and Reporting System (AFCARS) Assessment Review as a technical assistance process to gauge both the accuracy and reliability of the States’ foster care and adoption data, and the efficiency and effectiveness of their data collection, extraction, and reporting processes. AFCARS collects case-level information on all children in foster care for whom State and Tribal title IV-E agencies have responsibility for placement, care, or supervision, and on children who are adopted. This includes demographic information on the foster child, the foster and adoptive parents, the number of removal episodes and placements, and the current placement setting.
In addition to being used in short- and long-term planning and trend analysis, AFCARS data is legislatively and programmatically significant for the administration and oversight of programs under titles IV-B and IV-E, including two other monitoring vehicles, the Title IV-E Foster Care Eligibility Reviews and the Child and Family Services Reviews (CFSRs).
AFCARS assessment reports are available by fiscal year online here.