Monitoring Child Welfare

To help States establish good practice in child welfare, achieve positive outcomes for children and families, and explore the experiences of children and families engaged in child welfare services, the Children's Bureau monitors State child welfare services through several vehicles.

  • The Adoption and Foster Care Analysis and Reporting System (AFCARS)
  • Title IV-E Foster Care Eligibility Reviews
  • Child and Family Services Reviews (CFSRs)
  • The State Automated Child Welfare Information System (SACWIS) Assessment Reviews

These are in addition to other State performance vehicles that assist in the monitoring of child welfare systems.

Monitoring helps support accountability for States and develop and enhance continuous quality improvement (CQI) in practice. Each of these vehicles works from the core set of national goals for child welfare -- safety, permanency, and well-being -- and enables the systematic gathering of data that describes, in current and historical terms, the achievement of these outcomes; identifies and addresses the gap between current and future performance; and enables a process for improving performance.