Title IV-E: Federal Payments for Foster Care and Adoption Assistance

Like title IV-B, title IV-E of the Social Security Act (SSA) also addresses major components of child welfare. Its focus is on providing safe and stable out-of-home care for children who are in out-of-home care due to child maltreatment or other circumstances until they are able to achieve permanency in their placement by being safely returned home, placed permanently with adoptive families, or placed in other planned arrangements.

Title IV-E funds are available for:

  • Monthly maintenance payments for the daily care and supervision of eligible children
  • Administrative costs to manage the program
  • Training of staff and foster care providers
  • Recruitment of foster and adoptive parents
  • Adoption assistance Implementation and operation of a Statewide Automated Child Welfare Information System (SACWIS)  

Additionally, the title IV-E Foster Care Eligibility Reviews, a periodic and systematic review of each State's title IV-E foster care programs are conducted by the Children's Bureau to ensure that Federal funds are expended for intended purposes and to recover improper expenditures.  

Legislative Links

Below are the pertinent sections of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), the permanent source of Federal regulations, which is updated annually. The list also includes links to the actual legislation of title IV of the SSA.

  • 45 CFR Part 1355, General 
    This part of CFR TITLE 45 -- Public Welfare: Regulations Relating to Public Welfare, Subchapter G: The Administration on Children, Youth and Families, Foster Care Maintenance Payments, Adoption Assistance, and Child and Family Services applies to State programs for foster care maintenance payments, adoption assistance payments, related foster care and adoption administrative and training expenditures, and the independent living services program under title IV-E, including the Child and Family Services Reviews (CFSRs) and the Child and Family Services Plan (CFSP). It is located online here.
  • 45 CFR Part 1356, Requirements Applicable to Title IV-E 
    This part applies to State programs for foster care maintenance payments, adoption assistance payments, related foster care and adoption administrative and training expenditures, and the independent living services program under title IV-E. It is available online here.

Additional Information

For more information about title IV-E policies, visit the following Web sites.