The four data indicators used for Permanency Outcome 1 are composite indicators. Each composite is a set of measures that assess a different aspect of performance with regard to a specific program area.
Each measure in the composite makes a unique contribution to the total composite score, which ranges from 50 to 150 (the higher the score, the better the performance). Having multiple measures in each composite, therefore, provides a more comprehensive portrait of State performance than could be obtained through a single measure.
The four composite indicators used during round 2 are:
- Permanency Composite 1: Timeliness and permanency of reunification
- Permanency Composite 2: Timeliness of adoption
- Permanency Composite 3: Permanency for children and youth in foster care for long periods of time
- Permanency Composite 4: Placement stability
Note that the national standards were established for each of the composites as a whole, not for the individual measures that make up each composite. Therefore, States are not expected to meet any specific standard for individual measures within a composite, but rather to achieve an overall performance level within the composite itself with the understanding that improvement on any given measure will result in an increase in the overall composite score.